Peace is Coming

The Beard Goes Home is an ongoing chronicle of my trip to Jerusalem, Cairo and Rome from November 3-18.  If you want more information on a picture, hover your mouse over it for a pop-up caption! If you want to see a bigger version of a picture, just click on it!

The exterior of the Church of the Nativity, shot from Manger SquareOn Tuesday, November 16 we got a real treat – Father Gregory, a Dominican who shares my love of Zombie fiction, took us to the Notre Dame Pilgrim House where we joined a group on the roof for a look around the city.  From the top of Notre Dame, we could see:

  1. 1. The Dome of the Rock, where Abraham took Isaac to be sacrificed
  2. 2. The hills of Moab, one of Israel’s constant enemies during the Judges
  3. 3. The hills of Ramah, where Israel demanded a king
  4. 4. The outskirts of Bethlehem, where David and Jesus were both born
  5. 5. The Mount of Olives, Upper Room and Church of the Holy Sepulcher (which houses both Golgotha and the Tomb).

The very low doorway into the Church of the Nativity. I'm not sure if they were just very short back then, or if they wanted to make sure you bowed on your way in...It was pretty incredible to see all those pieces of Salvation History from that one location, and amazing to think that it all happened within just a few miles of land.

After our tour, we made our way by taxi to Bethlehem, which isn’t very far, except that – since Bethlehem is a Palestinian territory, we had to cross through an Israeli checkpoint.  We got to Manger Square with only a little hassle (our cab driver tried to take us to a store because if we bought something he got commission).  I was surprised at how plain the Church of the Nativity appears from the outside.  It’s huge, but not very ornate.

The original 4th century mosaic tile floors, under trap doors to keep them safe.The Church dates clear back as far as we have records.  St. Jerome (the one who wrote the Vulgate) came here in the 4th century and made this church his home and office (which, if you’re taking notes, means he wrote the Vulgate here).  The current church building has been built over the old site, and the original 4th century mosaic floors have been preserved under trap-doors they open during visiting hours.  The network of caves that originally provided the ‘back room’ of the 1st century Bethlehem homes are now under the building, along with Jerome’s office (now a chapel) and tomb, both also in caves.  After wandering through the cavernous chapel, we headed downstairs (accidentally cutting in front of about 1,000 or so pilgrims because we used the exit stairs. That’s what they get for poor signage).

The altar over where Jesus was born; there's a hole in the middle of the star where you can reach down and touch the cave floor.As I’d come to expect in Jerusalem, the original cave has been transformed into a shrine.  Pilgrims come down the stairs in a line and kneel under an altar, kissing the star that surrounds a hole through which you can touch the actual cave floor.  Just behind the kneeling pilgrims is a second altar that marks where the manger sat, where Jesus was laid after he was born on the hard cave floor.

It’s hard to describe what it meant to stand in the place where Jesus was born.  This was the spot where the impossible happened.  Where God became a person.  Two things that couldn’t be joined – the divine and the human – became one, without compromising, without cheating either the godhood or the humanity of Jesus.  It’s what we call the The shrine over the spot where the manger stoodIncarnation – the ‘enfleshment’ of Jesus.  Even while we – the whole human race – were enemies with God, God became one of us.  God crossed the uncrossable boundary not to make war on us, but to bring us peace.  That’s what we celebrate at Advent (coming up in just a couple of weeks!): Jesus coming into our mess and saving us, rescuing us.  That’s Good News.

It’s the great mystery of the Church, that which makes our faith possible.

Jerome's tomb, under the Church of the NativityThese are the thoughts that filled my mind and heart as we set out to return to Jerusalem.  We stopped in an excellent olive wood souvenir store owned by some Arab Christians on our way out, and they gave us instructions on how to get back into Jerusalem.  We took a taxi to the checkpoint and then had to walk through.  Being Western (read: white with American passports), we were waved through at ever point, while Arabs were detained at every point.

Once on the other side, we asked several people which bus would take us to the Old City and kept getting different answers.  Was it Bus 74 or Bus 21?  We finally got on 21 and as we passed several girls wearing headscarves, everything clicked into place.  There are two different bus systems in Jerusalem (though I think it’s unofficial) – the Arab and Jewish buses.  This confirmed for me everything I’d been feeling since our failed trip to Bethany.

Thomas walking up the barred walkway to the Bethlehem checkpoint.I have found it easy to feel sorry for the Palestinians in Israel; they’re essentially living in an Apartheid system.  And when I see the huge walls the Israelis have built to keep the Palestinians locked away and controlled, I can’t help but wonder how they forgot so quickly about the Warsaw ghettos.  But the truth is, if the situations were reversed, and the Arabs had power, they wouldn’t treat the Jews any better.  As one of the priests here said,

The Jews and the Arabs are both right, the Jews and Arabs are both wrong, and they both have blood on their hands.

It seems like everything in Jerusalem is divided.  The Old City is broken into clearly discernable quarters.  The buses.  The checkpoints and walls.  And so I wondered as Thomas and I journeyed back from The House of Bread (that’s what Bethlehem means in Hebrew) to the City of Peace (Jerusalem) where the Bread of Life was broken to purchase peace for the world.

This wall is a shame on all of us... that we live in a world where we allow this to be the best option.I really do believe that Peace is coming into the world.  I really do believe that we can get along despite all our differences.  That if we would learn to live together we would find a beauty we can’t even imagine yet.

I believe that the walls in Israel can be torn down and used to build homes and that Jews and Arabs and Americans can all learn not just to tolerate but love each other.  Because if God can become human, then anything’s possible.

As we were walking back into Jerusalem, we saw some shepherds in the hills, tending their sheep.  They reminded me of a story I heard once…

Actual shepherds in actual fields watching actual sheep. We did not see any angels though.There were shepherds living out in the fields nearby, keeping watch over their flocks at night.  An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.  But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid. I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people.  Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord.  This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.”  Suddenly a great company of the heavenly host appeared with the angel, praising God and saying, “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to humanity on whom his favor rests.”

Graffiti on the Israeli wall that looks a lot like a Nativity set in my opinion.When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, “Let’s go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.”  So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby, who was lying in the manger.  When they had seen him, they spread the word concerning what had been told them about this child, and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them.

— Luke 2:8-18

May the Peace of Christ that passes all understanding rule in your hearts and in our world.

CEO Jesus

Since last week I took on a Jesus I’m not too big on, I figured I’d balance everything out by exploring a Jesus who is nearer and dearer to my heart than I really enjoy admitting.  So without any further ado, may I present to you

CEO Jesus (a.k.a. Corporate Jesus, Business Model Jesus)

CEO Jesus loves to ADMINSTER sacraments. Or ordinances.  Whichever you prefer.  He'll take a poll and get back to you on what we're going to call them.

This is a Jesus who’s been growing in popularity in the Church since the 1970s, and we can probably attribute both the seeker movement and the megachurch to his activity.  It was around that time leaders in the church really began to look to corporate America for guidance and inspiration.  So we began to see churches with Mission Statements (and later Vision and Process and a host of other flavors of statements) and Core Values.  We began to hire according to skill sets, even creating positions like Administrative Pastor.  Malcolm Gladwell and Seth Godin have joined Max Lucado and Rick Warren as must-reads for any church leader (and when the heck is Mitch Joel going to get on that list?  Come on, people!).

This hasn’t been all bad; indeed, it may have been inevitable.  Given that our culture is so shaped by the culture of Corporate America, we should have expected some degree of syncretism.  And leaders like Bill Hybles and Andy Stanley are shining examples of faithful incarnation of the Gospel in corporate culture.

But Corporate Jesus is really all about making you a better person.  He has worship services and encourages us to church shop until we find a place that meets our needs.  He wants us to worry about whether or not we like the music or how well the sermon feeds us.  This body of CEO Christ creates rockstar senior pastors and pop-perfect worship bands.

A good friend of mine recently interviewed at such a church, and during their Sunday gathering, his wife commented that he probably wasn’t cool enough to be a part of their leadership.  She was only partially joking.

The CEO Jesus is slowly working his way down the corporate church ladder: more and more churches are embracing strengths-based ministry, in which a person is profiled and then invited to serve where their unique combination of gifts and talents will best benefit both them and the larger church corporation ::ahem:: excuse me, larger church body.

Here’s my problem with CEO Jesus: I love him.

I love this model of church.  The reason we borrow so heavily from business is because their models work. Really well.  I have become a much better minister thanks to Marcus Buckingham and Tim Sanders’ mentoring.  Made to Stick and Communicating for a Change pretty much revolutionized my preaching.

And I really do believe that we love God best when we are good stewards of all the gifts we’ve been given, including our strengths and talents.

But what about the fact that the Gospel is not primarily about me?  What about the fact that I’m called to die with Jesus, not promote myself or my company (dang it, I mean church!)?  What about the fact that his strength is enough for me, that his strength is made perfect in my weakness, not my top 5? (that’s a Strengthsfinder reference for the uninitiated)

This is a tension the Body of Christ must take seriously.

Right. There's a limit. I get it.
Right. There’s a limit. I get it.

We walk a tight rope and falling to either side is deadly.  On one hand, we have the consumer church culture and rockstar, too-cool-for-school church leaders.  We run the danger of becoming a cheap, plastic generic Church made not in China (maybe we’d be better off taking a lead from Chinese churches?) but in focus groups and opinion polls.  On the other side, however, we run the risk of becoming ineffective.  I know that word is unpopular; we’re not supposed to measure God’s work because it’s somehow unfaithful.

In response to this problem Andy Stanley once said,

One time Jesus fed 5,000 men plus women and children.  How did they know how many people there were?  They counted them!

We should always be asking ourselves if we’re doing the most we can with the resources and energies we have.  If our vision is really God’s vision.  If it’s a BHAG (pronounced bee-hag, from Jim CollinsBig Hairy Audacious Goal).  If it’s something we can do on our own – the way CEO Jesus would want us to, or if we’re actually going to have to step out in faith and trust the real Jesus, who promised that we’d do even greater things than he, who promised never to leave us or forsake us and in whose name we will not rest until the whole world has been reconciled.

How much have you interacted with the CEO Jesus?  Do you see corporate culture in your church?  Do you like it or not?